Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures Department:
Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures Department of Water Resources and Environment Faculty provides Bachelor and Master level studies for students. At present, 12 lecturers are actively engaged in didactic activities of the department. It is worth mentioning that Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures Department is the first department within University to resume master level studies in 1390 after 17 years of suspension. As for the quantitative and qualitative developments and promising successes in the field of higher studies, at bachelors and masters level. The plan to promote this department to the level of a new faculty under the name “Water Resources and Environment Faculty” was achieved through a creative thinking that began in 1391 and by fulfilling all the necessary requirements and attaining Afghanistan’s Higher Education Ministry’s decree this department was added to the formation Water Resources and Environmental Engineering faculty in 1393.
Since its establishment, Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures has been training engineers at B.Sc. level and graduated its first batch in the year 1351. During the years 1351 – 1362 Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures department graduated engineers at B.Sc. level, from 1363 to 1379 at the M.Sc. level and from 1379 to date at B.Sc. level, bringing the total number of graduates to around 1184 engineers with B.Sc. and M.Sc. degrees. The table below shows a number of graduates on yearly basis:
Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures Department had a professional and qualified staff including domestic and foreign lecturers while its establishment; availability of well-equipped research laboratories and during the years 1363 – 1370 Ph.D. program was established, five of the department’s lecturers could successfully complete their doctoral degree and successfully defended their Ph.D. thesis. Late Prof. Dr. Mohammad Hassan Hamid was the first to defend his doctoral thesis (May his soul rest in peace).
Later, in 1390 (2011) for scientific self-sufficiency and moving towards productive knowledge; creation of new scientific facilities and capacities within the country; promoting the level of quality education and improving the status of teaching and professional staff, the master degree program has been launched through which, during the years 1392 – 1395 about 62 individuals defended their master’s thesis. The 53 students are currently involved in the master program of this department.
As per the country’s development policy of higher education institutes, Water Resources and Environmental Engineering faculty consists of Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures and Water Supply and Environmental Engineering departments with a general department named professional economy. This faculty will be extended with two more departments, Irrigation Structures Engineering and Hydrology, in future. Preparation of curriculum for these departments is in progress.
The Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures department of Kabul Polytechnic University is an excellent center for training engineering professionals, Studies, Research and Innovation in various fields of Water-related structures like: Storage Dams, Hydro Electrical Power Stations, Construction of Irrigation and land reclamation structures, Construction of Canals and water-carrying tunnels, Structures to defend against destructive effect of floods, reclamation and nourishment of underground water sources, Assessment and Estimation of surface and underground water resources. Graduates and researchers are trained with a spirit that through studies, design, construction, maintenance, and management of various hydraulic structures that play the effective role in the country’s economic and water related needs.
Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structure Department utilizing the latest teaching methodologies, openly embraces eligible youths and students from all parts of the country and after passing semester wise exams and completing the curriculum in accordance with the internal standards are graduated at bachelor’s level. On successful completing the bachelor’s course student can also continue their studies under the master’s program.
The Hydraulics and Hydro-technical Structures department trains its graduates with an excellent spirit of patriotism, compassion and caring for all fellow countrymen and like compassionate leaders and future engineers of the Afghan society, who can drive the country towards the strong economy that is free from poverty and division.
Scientific and Professional capacity building of the youths makes them be enrolled in this field according to the requirements of the higher education law, carrying out scientific researchers in the related fields according to the society’s needs, provision of the necessary service in various fields of water resources engineering, equipping the department spiritually and materially with professional and expert staff and laboratories, scientific and administrative capacity building of the students in the fields of Hydro-technical Structures engineering are the fundamental duties, responsibilities and missions of this department.
The main goal of implementing this curriculum is, training of graduate and post-graduate students to be able to work in following areas: design of Storage Dams and Hydro Electrical Power Stations, Construction of Irrigation and land reclamation structures, Construction of Canals and water transfer tunnels, Structures to defend against destructive effect of floods, reclamation and nourishment of underground water sources, Assessment and Estimation of surface and underground water resources. Through nine semesters in full compliance with the international engineering program and the latest scientific achievements, so that they can fulfill all needs of the society at any level.
Upon completion of the bachelor’s course with this curriculum, the graduates of this department will achieve the abilities to successfully complete the following objectives:
1. Study, Design, Construction, and Operation of all types of dams to store the surface water
2. Study, Design, Construction, and Operation of all types of hydropower stations
3. Study, Design, Construction, and Operation of all types of irrigation systems (land reclamation)
4. Study, Design, and Construction of structures to defend against the destructive effects of floods
5. Study, Design, and Construction of stabilizing structures for river banks protection
6. Study, Design, and Construction of to prevent farmlands from salination
7. Study, Design, and Operation of water transfer canals and tunnels
8. Water resources structures supervision and management technology
9. Maintenance of Hydraulic Structures
10. Layout, design, and construction of fish farming structures
11. Collection and process of hydrologic data of rivers and rainfall
12. Study, management, and regulation of rivers