Architecture Department:

In 1360 Ministry of Higher Education took a decision to create Architectural department as one of the crucial and important department within construction faculty at Kabul Polytechnic University (KPU) for the education of young Afghans. It was the first time and a golden choice for Afghans to complete their higher education in the field of architecture.

This department which is the base of the construction faculty take (30-60) students on a regular base each year. In this department there is eight professors and assistant professors which help students with their lessons and Practical Works.

No

Name & L- Name

Education Grade

Academic Grade

Admission Year

1

Soliman (Osmankhil)

Master

Associate Professor

1987

2

Saleh Mohammad (Yari)

Master

Assistant Professor

1985

3

Muhammad Ullah (Ebrahimi)

Master

Senior Teaching assistant

2007

4

Khwaja Jawid (Sedeqi)

Master

Teaching assistant

2010

5

Ahmad Jawad (Niazi)

Master

Teaching assistant

2012

6

Fazel Rahman (Ekhlas)

Master

Teaching assistant

2013

7

Shabnam (Salehi)

Master

Teaching assistant

2014

8

Ahmad Walid (Ayoobi)

Master

Teaching assistant

2016

The Overall Students of Architecture Department in 20017 is (230). They are summarized in the below table based on their classes and gender:

Female

Male

Total students

Semester

Class

No

21

41

62

1

First

1

18

44

63

2

Second

2

9

48

57

2

Third

3

1

47

48

2

Fourth

4

-

-

-

-

Fifth

5

Architecture department has the basic equipment’s and furniture to complete the needs of the department. We decided to reconstruct the former building phenomena museum of Afghanistan located at KPU, Construction physics lab and drawings and model making labs soon. Our drawing halls are equipped with computers and basic furniture which help us in theoretical and practical teaching. Our fourth and final year student design their final year and diploma projects with the help of developed computer software such as Auto CAD , Rivet and 3D Max. The final year students do their diploma projects in the field of Architecture and design different buildings such us: Architecture design of (Schools, Hospital, Polyclinics, Mosques, Banks, Residential and Trade buildings, Terminals, Sport complex, Clops, and Factory) buildings. Student usually select a site from Master plan within Kabul and or provinces and then complete Architecture design of that specific project both in ten A1 graphical sheets and a hundred illustrative A4 pages as a monograph.

In addition to teaching, our lecturers and assistant lecturers perform academic research projects to improve their knowledge and provide new teaching materials to the students. Now, we do research in the following areas:

  1. Study and analyses of the Architectural and Urban planning issue;
  2. Study of the new build cities with Afghanistan;
  3. Study of the methods and design of building architecture in Afghanistan;
  4. Study of Afghanistan climate in different zones;
  5. Providing code of practice and norms about residential and trade buildings.

Every year in addition to the academic research we do translate many assistive books from English and Russian language to our national languages.  Also, some of our lectures have published many Architecture books which are important material and information for student and professional Architects and Engineers. In order to develop and educate our young assistant lecturers we deliver seminars every year and analyze all of the new research papers that are published within KPU and Architectural deportment/faculty.

As we know providing papers in the national language is very important for every society. Therefore, lecturers in this department always try to publish and translate books, some of which are summarized in the following table:

To improve the teaching systems and methods, we provide academic seminars and conferences on a regular basis, the result of such seminars then discussed in the department in order to find appropriate methods and teaching techniques applicable within the current curricula.  Architectural department has signed many MoUs with sectorial Ministries and Independent office such as Creda and Municipality and our professional staff are in contact with them to change ideas and help each other when it is necessary. The first graduate students completed their education in 1365 and since then many students got their Master degree in the field of Architecture. During the last decades of ware and instability in the country, most of the University labs and equipment’s were destroyed and therefore in 1374

In 1373 Government through MoHE announced that after this Polytechnic Institute may not graduate their students as Master and since then we are graduating Bachelor level students. In the below table you There is the numbers of the graduated students from Architectural department since its establishments:

The projects that board of professor are going to hand over to the architecture students as their final assignment are mostly plans for various industrial estate and civic building including school, Mosques, clinics, banks, commercial properties, residential properties, Airports Terminals, Sport and cultural centers, stadiums and many other building include in Kabul master plan which mostly will have comparative aspects and upon completion their designs under, the supervision of their teacher ; students will forward their findings to a qualified academic commission including , Department lecture in the university and other academic institution.

Upon completion of their education, Engineering students graduated from Kabul poly technical University can work in any private and governmental institution of their choice.

The hop and future of construction Faculty was to create a new department for Urban and city Planning.

At the moment urban city planning is an independents department operating under the faculty of Engineering. and Architectural department help them as a mother department.

In order to enter engineering school students must complete kankor Entrance Exam and then they will be introduce to their selected fields by the chair of kankor committee and Ministry of higher education. The first two semester in year one are general subjects and are taught combined with student from all departments.

The period of Bachelor degree in this department is four and half year diploma course. The student will learn all the associated content subjects in topics for 8 semester and in their 9nd semester ; under the supervision of their teacher the student will start to plan and complete their projects by the end if semester in the presence of nominees to the accredited academic commission, other professor from the department and professionals to the have successfully completed their projects and achieved good marks they will then be presented their engineering diploma license.

The projects that board of professor are going to hand over to the architecture students as their final assignment are mostly plans for various industrial estate and civic building including school, Mosques, clinics, banks, commercial properties, residential properties, Airports Terminals, Sport and cultural centers, stadiums and many other building include in Kabul master plan which mostly will have comparative aspects and upon completion their designs under, the supervision of their teacher ; students will forward their findings to a qualified academic commission including , Department lecture in the university and other academic institution.

2-Requirement assessments, recourse and practices:

Building contemporary structure and constant growth in engineering disciplines are latest achievements of technological techniques and training professionals .An experience engineer patriot to country, faithful to Islam , humanity and professional will start his career based on requirement for the country.

Since rapid growth in economy, society and culture sectors are linked to professional and high quality educational institute, surely rebuilding and reviving our war torn country without constant rebuilding and reviving polytechnic university of Kabul especially engineering department and reconsidering center can use their knowledge and play a vital rule to take part in rebuilding the infrastructure of this country.

Upon contacting institutes and offices who offered jobs hired engineering graduates after their graduation and also interweaving the graduates, they all said that had to take extra private courses in order to fulfill their job rule requirement, these courses are not included in the previous teaching curriculum, it is impossible to avoid this any further vital to add these courses to the curriculum in engineering department so that the graduates are aware of the current market requirements. It is then when professors in the engineering departments decided to bring up to date changes in their curriculum and prepare to present new curriculum for approval.

3. finding resources, the need to review and change the objective of the program:

In the past 15 years Architectural department has impressively grown in terms of quality and availability in resources ; however this growth is not up to standard in meeting present market requirements, significant changes must be made in teaching the standard. it is therefore that the professors of the department with faculty of contraction decided to bring significant changes in their teaching programs. At first the changes were added to the program and then the contents of majority of the subjects were revised so that it is up to date with present demand.

4.General propose and educational objectives:

With the preparation of the new curriculum, we will provide education to students from different parts of the country in peaceful environment, high quality education system and  best research resources with the help of our professional staff. Further to introducing of new curriculum the department of Architecture will provide high standard education up to date education materials to student who will lead the afghan society and globe towards high standard live style. Our main goal is to improve and strengthen especially higher education system in term of quality and availability which will not only fulfill the requirement of professionalism in Afghanistan but also compete with Academic universities in the region. The main objective of these changes are, providing training to students during their nine semesters, learn how to build different structures design such as residential complex, agricultural farms, industrial building and being common in the region meeting international standards which and also to fulfill the need for requirements in the country and region. Architectural departments goals and purpose is  students knowledge and skills improvement in planning and design according to the MOHE role and law. Academic researches activity, and serving in scheming of diverse buildings of society needs,s providing of expertise professional academic card in civil engineering field. High quality service provisioning are for all our patriot who are eligible for academic and bachelor studies. Education delivery researches and leadership of national project are for our country development with assistance and offering bachelors student who are full filing need of society even they are resolving need of proficiency and expertise With consideration to university aims and values to improve knowledge and skills in professional engineering information technology researches and implementation methods leadership and management skill has been considerate in all over Afghanistan for all educational institutes.

5.Education curriculum and subject necessities:

Education curriculum and subject necessities of Architectural department made based on majority of

Universities educational plan where national stipulations and society desires are comprised into it.

Architectural departments in implementation of educational curriculum are trying to use such a method and scheme where Architect graduated students in their work and activities area should not be able only to solve civil engineering hitches in their routine work but they should be able to identify and take action for all serious substances which has been created due to society economic and cultural variations.

They must accept the fact without consideration of several troubles none of them would be able to improve their expertise and skills.

Education curriculum and subject necessities of engineering department conclude those subjects which graduated students implement and serve it successfully in in designing and structuring of new cities , industrial buildings and public benefits buildings.

In one educational period 42 subjects with 172 credit is teaching to graduated students which is discussing about economic social cultural important issues as well as technical design and structure of buildings.

Its helping students extensively for effective improvement of skill an knowledges specific subjects which is teaching to students are.

Civil engineering designing and name of Architectural subjects, civil engineering theory and scheming , civil engineering history drawing and art , physics of buildings , journalism course for civil engineering , computer basic knowledge  of civil engineering. Composition knowledge of civil engineering , civil engineering typology but civil engineering designing and structuring is the main subject and  field of student which located in category A

Whole credits are concluded in curriculum with time differences of practical and theoretical lessons.

The subjects category and numbering code are based on

The percentage of every categorized subjects are interring on curriculum by every semester students are mandate to take minimum 18 credit and maximum 21 credit weekly or on every semester

6.Teaching and learning methods and mechanism in civil engineering field:

Civil engineering department heads and instructors have acceptance and tolerance of more value to all practical works based on jobs requirement therefore as per practical work availability possibility opportunity and absorbing of interested organizations donates they can provide below opportunities for students instructions and coaching.

1:using educational book and program which made by majorities of departments head and put it for accessing of students.

2:computer , projector usage and providing lectures on PowerPoint program

3:using of white board and marker during lectures

4:using of overhead projector and flip chart during class lectures

5:and providing drawing/mapping special papers , graphs boards of drawing and structuring for students.

7. Objectives

By Completing Bachelor Education Period whit current curriculum, students can resolve the below Objects and they should have these abilities:

1-wisely solving different kind of theoretical and practical civil engineering issues.

2-Structuring and construction of household building, publican benefits and industrial buildings with global Standards.

3-planning and structuring of cities, towns and household localities

4-planning,managing,organizing and leading of construction project with new and novel technology

5-researches and investigation about climates factor affects and naturally circumstances of buildings

6-researches of Afghanistan architectural acquaintance /knowledge’s /designing civil engineering issues and structuring of other cities.

8.Students monitoring and evaluation methods:

Examination and evaluation is a method which can assess the level of learning and knowledge with

Hypothetical skills in one educational period.

Based on article 19 of credit description and accepted disciplinary appealing semester examinations

Evaluation of concluded curriculum subjects in available field of constructions departments differentiate

As below.

1:final exam 60%

2:assignment, implementation of project inside class, graphical work,classactivitles and attendance 20%.

3:midterm exam 20%.

4:evaluation of score is counting 80%for those subjects and courses which practical work is not required.

5:class projects evaluation, graphical work, internship and teaching learning is practicing based on departments and related field authorities.

Class/course attendance completion is necessary. permitting in exam is in condition of having 75% class

Attendance more then 25% absentees of subject will be reason of being away from executing scores,passing score for every subject is 55% in addition of completing 60% average in every semester
.