Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines Department :

 The department of Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines was established in 1968 in the first days of inauguration of Kabul Polytechnic University entitled “department of Geology, Prospecting and Exploration of Solid Useful Materials” and since then has been continuing to its activity as a mother department and graduating institution of geology and mines engineers.

 After one year of the establishment of the department, new department named “Department of Exploitation of Mines” and after two years another department entitled “Department of Geology, Prospecting, Exploration and Exploitation of Oil and Gas” were separated from this department, and are actively continuing to their scientific and academic activities as graduating departments for mining and oil and gas engineering.

 In 2013 given the importance of geo engineering and hydrogeology in different construction and industrial affairs, another department entitled “Engineering Geology and Hydrogeology” has been separated as independent and graduating department from the mentioned department, that it is hoped to offer the first term of Geo Engineering and Hydrogeology engineers to the society in 2018.

The department of Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines during its academic life has graduated about (2000) engineers of geology to the Afghan society for serving of people and country in bachelor, master and doctorate degrees.

 The engineers of geology who have graduated are actively working in the fields of geological mapping, prospecting and exploration, hydrogeology and engineering geology, and as skillful specialists have taken part in different projects for preparation of geological maps of different fields of the country, prospecting and exploration of different mineral deposits e.g copper, gold, silver, poly metal, precious stones and so on, they have been able to determine the quality and quantity of ground water and have done many research for building of civil and industrial construction, dam and stream, roads, installation of power pylons and further construction affairs.

 In 2014 the name of the department was changed to department of “Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines” according to the recommendation of department meeting, confirmation of faculty and university scientific councils and approving of competent authorities of ministry of higher education,

 During the activity years of the department, textbooks, learning aids, lab manuals, and lecture notes of different subjects have compiled and provided by national and foreign professors and has been published for the students.

Currently ten textbooks of different subjects such as general geology, economic geology, geochemistry, prospecting and exploration of mines, engineering geology and hydrogeology, geology of Afghanistan in two volumes ( Geology - vol one and mineral deposits - vol two), structural geology, fundamentals of petrography, fundamentals of gemology, magmatism and metallogeny of Afghanistan and so on have been compiled and translated in Pashto and Dari languages, which play valuable role in betterment process of teaching and improving of level of knowledge of students.

The following lecturers are the faculties of the department who are actively teaching related subjects on the basis of their specialization.

It is necessary to remind in appreciation from the valuable services of all local and foreign lecturers and professors who have taken part in teaching process and evolution of department and may God bless the souls of those who have passed away and wish a long life and more success for those who are alive.

Learning objectives of Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines department

      The specialists, who are being trained at the department of Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines, will be able to briefly meet the following objectives:

  1. Prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits.
  2. Preparation of geological maps in different scales.
  3. Geological investigation of various geological processes.
  4. Geohazards assessment and preliminary measure for their prevention.
  5. Conducting of geo engineering and hydrogeology investigations at different ministries of Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.
  6. Successful conducting of lab works at Afghan Geological Survey of ministry of mines and petroleum.
  7. Determination of different industrial types of deposits.
  8. Estimation of resources in different categories using different methods.
  9. Find out the effective and suitable variant of resources estimation.
  10.  Suggesting of methods for exploitation of mines and sufficient consultations in this regarding.


The department of Geological Engineering and Exploration is counted as a unit of higher education for knowledge of students and professional engineers. This department plays a valuable role for training of young professional cadres which meets the requirements of our community and beloved country Afghanistan to enhance the social welfare and national economy potency of country, the young cadres of this department is trained by expert lectures. Professional engineers of geology and exploration of mines leads country towards developments on the basis of society needs.


The department of Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines like other departments plays an effective role for training of cadres of professional engineers in the field of geology (Geologist Engineer) to enhance the level of knowledge of students and their involvement in prospecting and exploration of mineral deposits, making of different geological maps, determination of benefits and being economic of various mineral deposits  in order to leads the society towards improvement and social welfare to meet the country requirements.


The goal of this department is to train the professional engineers in productive affairs on the basis of society needs. In order to reach in standard criteria of an updated curriculum, it is necessary to be provided necessary facilities which meet the international requirements for qualitative higher education that different specialized departments can offer the professional engineers on the basis of country needs to society. 




The curriculum of Geological Engineering and Exploration of Mines Department

First Year, First Semester

Code     Subject        Credit Points
CO 101 Islamic Culture 1
CO 103 History 1
EL 102 Foreign Language – English 3
EL 113 Higher Mathematics in Geosciences 4
CH 114 General Chemistry 4
CO 123 Plane Geometry and Technical Drawing 2
EL 116 Physics 2
CS 119 Basics of Computer 2
GE 104 Sports 1
Total     20


Second Year, Second Semester

Code  Subject   Credit Points
CO 201 Islamic Culture 1
EL 202 Foreign Language – English 3
EL 213 Higher Mathematics in Geosciences 3
CH 214 General Chemistry 3
CH 251 Analytical Chemistry 2
CO 223 Technical Drawing and Plane Geometry 1
EL 216 Physics 2
CS 219 Basics of Computer 2
GE 225 General Geology 3
Total     20


Second Year, Third Semester

Code     Subject      Credit Points
CO 301 Islamic Culture    1
EL 302   Foreign Language – English 2
EL 313   Higher Mathematics in Geosciences   2
EL 316 Physics 2
EL 317  Technical Mechanics 2
GC 318 Engineering Geodesy  2
GE 325     General Geology  3
GE 353 Crystallography  3
GE 327    Paleontology and Historical Geology 2
GE 347   Field Work (General Geology) 2
Total     21


Second Year, Fourth Semester

Code      Subject       Credit Points
CO 401 Islamic Culture 1
EL 402 Foreign Language – English 2
EL 417 Technical Mechanics 2
EL 408   Electro mechanics 2
GC 418  Engineering Geodesy  2
GE 428  Mineralogy 3
GE 427  Paleontology and Historical Geology 3
GE 429 Structural Geology and Geological Mapping 3
GE 448  Field Work (Engineering Geodesy)   2
Total     20


Third Year, Fifth Semester

Code  Subject   Credit Points
CO 501 Islamic Culture   1
GE 552   Use of Computer in Geology 2
GE 528  Mineralogy    3
GE 554 Crystal Optics 2
GE 558   Economic Geology 2
GE 529 Structural Geology and Geological Mapping 2
GE 560 Tectonics & Geodynamics 2
GE 538  Geomorphology 2
GE 531   Hydrogeology and Engineering Geology 3
GE 549 Field Work (Geological Mapping) 2
Total      21


Third Year, Sixth Semester

Code     Subject  Credit Points
CO 601  Islamic Culture  1
GE 630   Igneous Petrography  3
GE 658    Economic Geology  2
GE 660 Tectonics & Geodynamics   2
GE 632  Environmental Geology and Geohazards 3
GE 636 Prospecting and Exploration of Mines 2
GE 662 Overview of Mining   2
GC 620  GIS  2
GE 672    Mining Administration 3
Total   20


Fourth Year, Seventh Semester

Code  Subject  Credit Points
CO 701      Islamic Culture 1
GE 739  Basics of Gemology   2
GE 756 Metamorphic Petrography 3
GE 757 Geochemistry  2
GE 758  Economic Geology 2
GE 759   Stratigraphy and Sedimentology  2
GE 761 Exploration Drilling 2
GE 734   Geophysics 2
GE 736 Prospecting and Exploration of Mines   2
GE 766 Academic Writing & Presentation   1
GE 772 Mining Law    2
Total       21


Fourth Year, Eighth Semester

Code      Subject    Credit Points
CO 801  Islamic Culture   1
GE 839     Basics of Gemology   2
GE 857  Geochemistry 2
GE 859 Stratigraphy and Sedimentology 3
GE 842   Regional Geology and Stratigraphy of Afg   2
GE 834 Geophysics 2
GE 836  Prospecting and Exploration of Mines     2
GC 863    Underground Surveying 1
GC 864    Remote Sensing    2
EMRE 865 Economics of Exploration of Mines 2
GE 866  Academic Writing & Presentation 1
Total           20


Fifth Year, Ninth Semester

Code  Subject       Credit Points
GE 972  Internship (Field Work before bachelor thesis)      5
GE 973   Bachelor Thesis  8
Total        13